Conquer the Air with Amelia EarhartBy: Sallie Johnson, Morgan Morris, Rachael Slayton, and Casey Anglin


Amelia Earhart.jpeg
Basic Information: Rachael
Name: Amelia Earhart
Birth/Death Date: July 24, 1897/January 5, 1939
Education: Hyde Park Highschool, Colombia University, and the Curtis School of Aviation
Place of Birth: Atchison, Kansas
Occupation: Aviator/ Pilot
Best Known For: The first female pilot to fly across the Atlantic Ocean



-Rachael


“I want to do it because I want to do it. Women must try to do things as men have tried. When they fail, their failure must be but a challenge to others.” - Amelia Earhart
- Rachael


Introduction: Casey and Morgan and Rachael
Amelia Earhart, a legendary aviator, is remembered for her lack of fear as she entered into unknown territories for woman and aviators of the 1930s. She was born on July 24, 1879 in Atchison, Kansas (Klingel 6). After Amelia Earhart’s first flight she became fascinated with the art of flying and"after only two and a half hours of instruction, she knew she wanted to buy her own plane” (“Amelia Earhart” Explorers And Discovers Of The World paragraph 3). From then on Amelia Earhart's life revolved around flying. Amelia Earhart’s infatuation with airplanes sparked her desire to change the common stereotypes of women and aviators in this generation. Despite the beliefs of many people in the 1930s, Amelia Earhart grew up with a mindset that “girls could accomplish the same things as boys”(Klingel 8). This perspective helped her to conquer the common assumptions of women and become “ one of the few women in the world who were licensed to fly” (Klingel 16). Amelia Earhart was also one of the few people to fly by instinct due to her lack of fear. She encouraged women’s rights, and “in 1929, Earhart helped to found the Ninety-Nines, an international organization of women pilots” (Bilstein 14).Earhart became more than an accomplished aviator; she became a trendsetter. Additionally, she “endorsed numerous products, including her own design for traveling clothes, and Amelia Earhart luggage, still being sold today” (Amelia Earhart” Explorers And Discovers Of The World paragraph 8). By 27 years of age, she was one of the most accomplished women in America.










Here is a video of Amelia Earhart's life by Biography Channel.- Casey

“Adventure is worthwhile in itself.” - Amelia Earhart- Rachael

Background of the Plane and Aviation: Rachael
The 1930s were known as the "Golden Age of Flight"(Watkins paragraph 1). This means that aviation had influenced technology in a positive way. Planes were mass-produced and fueled by the Great War. Air travel was just beginning to become popular worldwide, although the aircrafts could not withhold high altitudes. The planes were affected by many weather conditions and were often not a smooth ride. The flight paths varied due to the lack of knowledge. Some aviators had trouble with their directions and land identification skills. Aviation was more expensive and dangerous compared to traveling by a watercrafts, locomotives, or automobiles. Because of the expense aircrafts were designed for the upper-class members. Some features of the aircrafts include, "Plush, upholstered seats, wet bars, smoking lounges and wooden paneling all gave the impression of luxury, despite engine noise and turbulence" (Watkins paragraph 2).
Even though flying was a luxury it still was dangerous; "twenty-five people, worldwide died in air crashes in the year 1932, yet it's difficult to compare this figure to any comparative statistic from land or sea" (Watkins paragraph 3).

Most planes were similar throughout the 1930s worldwide, but they all didn't fly or look the same. In North America, flights had become common; there were daytime and sleeper flights. People were creating faster and more efficient aircrafts. Also, in China, trans-pacific flights were becoming more common. China's aircrafts mostly carried mail along with a few passengers. The main gateway to China was Hong Kong. In adittion, China had created the flying boat. Flying across the Atlantic Ocean wasn't serviced untill the late 1930s. Long distance flights relied on the weather conditions and rights in England. Great Britian did not allow landing rights to American aviators untill 1936. In the Pacific Ocean many avaitors used flying boats. Most of the western population used the flying boats to access Hawaii. Some people used other aircrafts to cross the Pacific Ocean to access New Zealand and Austrailia (Watkins paragraphs 6-14).




Background Of The 1930s: Casey and Morgan
In the early 1900s, flying without a purpose was not encouraged. The sole purpose of aviation was wartime usage (Klingel 14). Consequently, Aviation was not considered a lady like activity. As a result, many people believed a flying career was not the right decision, because she would not be able to fulfill her role of women of the house (Wagner 13-15). During this time, “in the United States, girls were expected to wear dresses, learn to cook and sew, and behave in a quiet mannerly way” (Klingel 7). Following their mothers, little girls would normally play with dolls or sew, but Amelia Earhart had other plans (Wagner 16). Not only did Amelia go against these ways, but, " Amelia's mother and father loved adventure" and they encouraged Earhart to do things that she set her mind to (Klingel 7).
* To learn more about women's roles in the 1930s visit Women’s Roles of the 1930s on this Wiki.*


“Everyone has ocean's to fly, if they have the heart to do it. Is it reckless? Maybe. But what do dreams know of boundaries?” - Amelia Earhart
-Rachael


Background Of Amelia Earhart: Morgan and Sallie
At first, Amelia was not very into the idea of flying. The first time Earhart became interested was "on Christmas 1920 [when] her father took her to an air show" and she saw all of the large and interesting planes (Bondi 485). Earhart was so "fascinated by the show, they went three days later to Rogers Field, where he bought her a ticket for a ride with pilot Frank Hawks. From that point she became obsessed with the idea of flying" (Bondi 485). Also, while working in a hospital, “she sometimes heard stories of bravery from pilots who had flown in the war” (Klingel 13). Amelia had finally received her first plane which was a "second-hand Kinner Airster, a two-seater biplane painted yellow" (The Official Website of Amelia Earhart 3). She became very attached to this plane and "Earhart named the plane "Canary", and used it to set her first women's record by rising to an altitude of 14.000 feet" (The Official Website of Amelia Earhart 3).


“The most difficult thing is the decision to act, the rest is merely tenacity. The fears are paper tigers. You can do anything you decide to do. You can act to change and control your life; and the procedure, the process is its own reward.” - Amelia Earhart
-Rachael
external image 1d_Earhart-02.jpg

Connection To Health and Social: Morgan and Casey
Amelia Earhart once said, "The woman who can create her own job is the woman who will win fame and fortune" (Amelia 4). Earhart was a pilot at a young age and she defied the odds of a women by becoming much more than a common housewife. Amelia worked hard at everything she did and "throughout her career Earhart represented the modern woman using technology as a means to liberate herself from social constraints" of being a woman (Bondi 486). For example, she would "cut out jobs out of magazine articles about careers that most people thought were just for boys"( Klingel 8). This determination allowed her to break down barriers for her career and for women to come. Amelia Earhart left a legacy and once said“women must try to do things as men have tried” (Amelia Earhart “ Family of Amelia Earhart” paragraph 5). Her organization, the Ninety Nines, helped to pave the way for women and their love of flying. Amelia Earhart is a prime example of how anyone can accomplish their dreams no matter what their place is in society.

Equally important, Amelia Earhart embodied the old saying that the sky is the limit. She was willing to try anything even if it put her in danger. In many situations, she put her health and life at risk. Many people today see Amelia Earhart as a risk-taker. For example, "she loved daredevil stunts such as jumping off a metal tower with a parachute and piloting a one-person submarine” (“Amelia Earhart” Explorers And Discoverers Of The World paragraph 8). To be adventurous is to explore and be curious. Consequently, this adventurous personality may have taken her life. On an attempt to fly around the world, Amelia Earhart's plane disappeared to never be seen again. Amelia Earhart is a reminder to live every day to the fullest no matter what the consequences are.

"Anticipation, I suppose, sometimes exceeds realization."-Amelia Earhart-Sallie

Connection To IB Learner Trait: Sallie
Amelia Earhart lived her life as a risk-taker, and was never one to turn down a challenge. Throughout her entire life, she was always pushing herself to do the impossible. Her need for adventure started at a young age; "the young Earhart climbed trees, 'belly slammed' her sled to start it downhill and hunted rats with a .22 rifle" (The Official Website of Amelia Earhart paragraph 2). Even as young girl, she enjoyed being a risk-taker and defying what was thought of as traditional behavior. This attribute carried her far in life, and helped her set many of her records, and earn important awards. These include:
  • 1932- A Solitary flight across the Atlantic. This happened after a previous flight in 1928 that officially gave her the title of First Woman across the Atlantic. She did not feel as though she earned it since she was merely a passenger on the first expedition, not the pilot.
  • January 1935- Being the first person ever to fly from Hawaii to the Mainland.
  • April 1935- set a speed record from Los Angeles to Mexico City, and a later a speed record from Mexico City to New York (Amelia Earhart paragraph 7-9)

Also, probably the biggest risk of all, was her goal "to fly around the world at (or near) the equator, something never before attempted" (Amelia Earhart paragraph 10). Amelia and her navigator never made it all the way around, and to this day, no one knows for sure what happened to them. Even though it was during this flight when she disappeared, because of it she will always be remembered as a woman who never passed a challenge, no matter the consequences or risks involved.

Connection To Present Day: Casey and Rachael

Although the original Amelia Earhart is no longer with us, a distant relative named after her continues her legacy today. Her parents named her after the original Amelia Earhart, because they wanted her to have a strong role model. The modern Amelia Earhart is 26 years old and grew up in Kansas, close to the home of the original Amelia Earhart. At first, this modern Amelia Earhart did not necessarily like her name; however, she now realizes she has a daring spirit within her just as Amelia Earhart did in the 1930s. She is adventurous, loves being outdoors, and is already beginning to live up her to her name. She is a helicopter reporter and is making history. This Amelia Earhart and her helicopter pilot, Chris Kelly, are the only all female helicopter reporting team in the world. In the future, she would like to become licensed to fly and most of all retrace the original Amelia Earhart’s renowned flight around the world. Modern day Earhart says she is “just this little girl from Kansas…just like she was"(Hamilton 5).

Not only has Earhart affected her relatives but also all women worldwide. She has showed women that they are just as capable as men. Amelia Earhart has shown this idea to be true from her flying expierences. Earhart was one of the only female aviators in the early 1900s. She had followed her childhood dream to become a pilot. Her actions taught others to work for what they want. Earhart is one of many reasons why many jobs are not based on gender. Nowadays, women are allowed to work at any job as long as they qualify for the spot available.


“Please know that I am aware of the hazards. I want to do it because I want to do it. Women must try to do things as men have tried. When they fail, their failure must be a challenge to others.” - Amelia Earhart
-Rachael

Interesting Facts: Everyone
  • Amelia Earhart wrote a poem entitled "Courage".
  • Amelia Mary Earhart was named after her grandmothers, Amelia Harres Otis and Mary Wells Earhart.
  • On July 24, 1963 the United States Post Office created an airmail stamp worth 8 cents made in her honor.
  • As children, Amelia and her sister Muriel were very imaginative. They had imaginary friends named Laura and Ringa.
  • She was the first woman to be given the Distinguished Flying Cross, awarded to her by the United States Congress.
  • When Earhart was seven, she and Muriel designed a roller coaster and built it in their backyard.
  • Amelia met her future husband, George Putnam, while Putnam was searching for a female pilot on behalf of Mrs. Frederick Guest of London. Their introduction led to Amelia being chosen the first woman to cross the Atlantic as a passenger.
  • Amelia's childhood pet, a large black dog, was named James Ferocious, because of his uneven temperament with strangers.
  • Amelia and Muriel had two imaginary playmates, Laura and Ringa, with whom they shared great adventures.
  • Amelia and her sister were once the proud owners of imaginary horses.
  • Despite having to attend six different high schools, Amelia Earhart was able to graduate on time.
    AmeliaLittleGirl.preview.jpg
    Amelia Earhart as a child
  • Earhart was called "Lady Lindy" because her slim build and facial features resembled that of Charles Lindbergh, who was an American aviator, author, inventor, explorer, and social activist.
  • She developed a friendship with Eleanor Roosevelt, who wanted to learn how to fly. Earhart had planned to teach her, for which the First Lady even got her student permit.
  • Earhart had such an impression on public that people often wrote and told her about naming babies, lakes and even homing pigeons "Amelia."
  • She was the 16th woman to receive a pilot's license from the FAI (License No. 6017).
  • She was also a famous author.And was aheavily promoted writer who served as aviation editor for Cosmopolitan magazine from 1928 to 1930.
  • Earhart, as a child, spent long hours playing with Pidge, climbing trees, hunting rats with a .22 rifle and belly-slamming her sled downhill.
  • The United States government spent $4 million looking for Earhart, which made it the most costly and intensive air and sea search in history at that time. Earhart was declared legally dead (dead in absentia) on January 5, 1939.
  • Amelia was a nurse's aid during the First World War
  • Amelia worked as a telephone operator to raise money for her first plane
  • President Herbert Hoover presented Earhart with a gold medal.

For more interesting facts visit Amelia Earhart Museum


For More Information Visit These Sites: Casey
Amelia Earhart Museum- Focuses on Amelia Earhart's Impact On Women
The Ninety Nines: Organization Founded By Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart's Book: Fun Of It

The Search Continues For Amelia Earhart: Casey
On a tragic day in 1937, Amelia Earhart disappeared “without a trace while attempting to fly around the world” (Bilstein 14). Most people believe Earhart's plane crashed into the ocean, however 76 years later the search continues. This video gives information about a new theory that has emerged about Earhart's whereabouts. Although Amelia Earhart's fate is still a mystery, her legacy lives on.




“Some of us have great runways already built for us. If you have one, take off. But if you don't have one, realize it is your responsibility to grab a shovel and build one for yourself and for those who will follow after you.”
-Amelia Earhart
-Rachael

"Courage"
By: Amelia Earhart
Courage is the price which life exacts for granting peace.
The soul that knows it not, knows no release
From little things;Knows not the livid loneliness of fear
Nor mountain heights, where bitter joy you can hear
The sound of wings.How can life grant us boon of living, compensate,
For dull gray ugliness and pregnant hate
Unless we dareThe soul's dominion? Each time we make a choice we pay
With courage to behold resistless day
And count it fair.
-Casey

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"Amelia Earhart's 115th birthday: Top 10 interesting facts." CNN-IBN Live News, India Breaking News, World Top Headlines & Videos. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2013.

"Amelia Earhart." 2013. The Biography Channel website. April 12, 2013. <http://www.biography.com/people/amelia-earhart-9283280>.

"Amelia Earhart." Explorers and Discoverers of the World. Gale, 1993. Biography in Context. Web. 9 Apr. 2013.

"Amelia Earhart - Mini Biography." YouTube. YouTube, 7 Nov. 2012. Web. 21 May 2013.

Amelia Earhart Museum. Websitz4U. n.d. Web. 15 May. 2013.

"Amelia Earhart Search Renewed." YouTube. YouTube, 04 July 2012. Web. 21 May 2013.

"Amelia Earhart: Soaring." YouTube. YouTube, 05 Aug. 2009. Web. 21 May 2013.

Bilstein, Roger E. “Amelia Earhart.” World Book Encyclopedia. 2000 ed. Print.

Bondi, Victor. "American Decades:1930-1939". Detroit, Gale Research Inc., 1995.

"Fun Facts about Amelia Earhart." Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013.

Hamilton, Ashley. " What Amelia Earhart Left Behind." Oprah.com. Harpo Inc, n.d. Web. 17. May. 2013.

Klingel, Cynthia. Amelia Earhart: Aviation Pioneer. Chanhassen, MN: The Child’s World, 2004. Print.

"The Official Website of Amelia Earhart.N.p.,n.d.Web.10 April.2013http://www.ameliaearhart.com/about/bic

Watkins, Myron W.. "Pelgrane Press Ltd - See Page XX Webzine." Pelgrane Press Ltd . N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013.
-Everyone worked on the Works Cited.