Judy Garland
Somewhere Over the RainbowBy: Jenna Hinkel, Grace Jeffrey, and Lauren Slayton


INTRODUCTION: Jenna Hinkel
Judy Garland first started performing at a very young age with her sisters, Mary Jane and Virginia, and quickly became a Hollywood Star. At only five years old, Garland was singing onstage and she “had made her first film by age fourteen” (“Garland, Judy” America the
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Judy in Life Begins For Andy Hardy - Grace
Beautiful paragraph 2). The year before, at age thirteen, she had signed a movie contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) and began her career. After that point, she became “one of the most enduringly popular Hollywood icons of the twentieth century” (“Judy Garland-American Singer and Actress” paragraph 1). However, one of Garland’s most popular films that she starred in was “The Wizard of Oz”. In this movie, her “winning combination of youth, innocence, pluck, and emotional openness is seen to good advantage” (“Judy Garland-American Singer and Actress” paragraph 4). She also performed in musicals, sang on the radio, and acted in the Andy Hardy series. In almost all of her work, Garland showed spirit that brought happiness to many.


BACKGROUND: Jenna Hinkel
Although Garland was born on June 10th, 1922 in Minnesota as Frances Ethel Gumm, she ended up changing both her first and last name later on. She and her sisters, “at the
suggestion of a fellow performer, changed their stage name to Garland” due to being mistakenly called the Glum Sisters (“Judy Garland Biography” World Biography paragraph 3). Shortly after, she also changed her first name to Judy because of a popular song and from then on the name stuck.

Since Garland’s parents were vaudeville performers, it was apparent from the beginning that she would become a star as well. So to prepare for her career, she attended “Lawler’s Professional School, 1929- 1931; Bancroft Junior High School and University High School, Los Angeles” (“Garland, Judy” Film Reference paragraph 1). Soon after graduating, Garland married at a very young age. She married David Rose (divorced 1942), Vincente Minnelli (divorced 1952), Sid Luft (divorced 1965), Mark Herron (divorced 1969), and Mickey Deans (“Garland, Judy” Film Reference paragraph 1). Despite her unhappy relationships and other troubles, Garland continued to try to stay optimistic and get over the rainbow.




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HEALTH & SOCIAL EDUCATION: Grace Jeffrey
The Area of Interaction of Health & Social Education has three key questions that it addresses. Those
are: how do I think and act, how am I changing, and how can I look after myself and others. It also is related to decision making. Judy Garland's life is a great example because she changed radically during her lifetime. One of the large changes in Garland's life was her decision making process. When she was young, her decisions were based on personal motivation. For one, she "never had formal singing or dancing lessons and could not read music, but proved to be a quick and able study" (O'Connell paragraph 3). As she grew older, her decisions were no longer made by her, but they were made for her by studio executives, producers, and directors; she lost her freedom to be herself (Contemporary paragraph 5). Arguably, Judy often acted irrationally and did not look after herself. She attempted suicide multiple times during her life. That negatively affected many people; it impacted her family, her employers and colleagues, and the public. Her actions affected others in positive ways as well. She "made American pop music acceptable, leading it to swing and later to the mellow harmonies that dominated after World War II" (Contemporary paragraph 2). She created lots of change within the music industry through her own personal style. Overall, Judy's life truly exemplifies the Area of Interaction of Health & Social Education.




IB LEARNER TRAIT:

According to the definition of the IB learner trait of Caring, a person who is caring "show[s] empathy, compassion and respect towards the needs and feelings of others. They have a personal commitment to service, and act to make a positive difference to the lives of others and to the environment" (IBO Guidelines). Judy Garland displays such skills;therefore, I believe her to portray the trait of caring. Judy Garland cares about those who surround her and many time she performed in order to "benefit the surrounding community"(Freedland 15). She hoped to surround people with joy so that they would live out their dreams and hope for the best. Although, some people did not like because they thought she was homosexual and did not always know when to make the right choice. Even though there were some things that prohibit Judy Garland from being the best she can be, she still made the day of millions if people.



CONNECTION TO OTHER TOPIC:

The biography of Shirley Temple relates to the life of Judy Garland because they were both child performers/entertainers. They both went through major hardships in order to please the community around them. Both Shirley Temple and Judy Garland had voices that were loved by the public. When they would sing in front of an audience, they were asked to sing again and again all over the United States.




CONNECTION TO OTHER WIKI: Grace Jeffrey

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Judy as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz - Grace
Judy Garland connects to the other 1930s milieu topic of Entertainment. According to that WikiPage, three of the six main types of entertainment were music, movies, and dance. Judy was involved in all three of those. She was a recording artist, and "was the leading star of Hollywood musicals during their heyday in the late thirties and forties" (Contemporary paragraph 2). She "won her greatest fame as Dorothy in the musical film The Wizard of Oz" (Gallagher 43). The film, The Wizard of Oz was also highly significant to entertainment because it was the first color film ever. Garland's performance as Dorothy inspired audiences and brought them joy after the Great Depression. The WikiPage also says that movies inspired hope in viewers. The majority of Garland's roles were starring ones of small town girls with inspiring stories. These stories were the ones that viewers enjoyed and could relate to. Overall, Garland's roles in the film and music industries were very important to entertain and inspire during the 1930s.



QUOTES BY JUDY GARLAND:
  • "For it was not into my ear you whispered, by into my heart. It was not my lips you kissed but my soul"
  • "I can live without money, but I cannot live without love"
  • "I've always taken the Wizard of Oz very seriously, you know. I believe in the idea of the rainbow. And I've spent my entire life trying to get over it"
  • "Always be a first-rate version of yourself, instead of a second-rate version of somebody else"
  • "We cast away priceless time in dreams, born of imagination, fed upon illusion, and put to death by reality"
  • "Behind every cloud is another cloud"
  • "I was born at the age of twelve on an MGM lot"




Judy Garland Performing In: Meet Me In St.Louis

Singing: Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas.
Judy Garland Performing In: Meet Me In St. Louis

Singing: The Trolley Song

The Gumm Sisters:

Interview with Judy Garland:



On the Atchison, Topeka, and the Santa Fe sung by Garland in the film Harvey Girls





Works Cited:

Freedland, Michael. Judy Garland: The Other Side of the Rainbow. London: JR Books, 2010. Print.

Gallagher, Rachel. "Garland, Judy." World Book 2001. 2001. Print.

“Garland, Judy,” America the Beautiful. Grolier Online, 2013. Web. 8 April. 2013.

“Garland, Judy.” Film Reference. Web. 15 April. 2013.

Garland, Judy. On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe from the M-G-M Picture "The Harvey Girls" By Harry Warren, Johnny Mercer, Ted Shapiro, Jimmy Campbell, Reg Connelly, and Lyn Murray. Decca, 1945. MP3.

​ “Judy Garland (American Singer and Actress).” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 09 April. 2013.

“Judy Garland Biography.” World Biography. Web. 14 April. 2013.

"Judy Garland." Contemporary Musicians. Vol. 6. Detroit: Gale, 1991. Biography In Context. Web. 8 Apr. 2013.

"Judy Garland." BrainyQuote.com. Xplore Inc, 2013. 18 May 2013. http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/j/judygarlan127030.html

Judy Garland in Life Begins For Andy Hardy. Digital image. That's Judy, My Judy. N.p., 17 May 2013. Web. 18 May 2013.

Judy Garland in The Wizard of Oz. Digital image. N.p. N.p., 16 May 2013. Web. 19 May 2013.

O'Connell, Kathy. "Garland, Judy (1922-1969)." Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online, 2013. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.