Insight into the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles

By: Tori Nilsson
Ryan Farmer

The League of Nations(Tori)

The League of Nations is an incredible example of unity and hope with in the world. This organization was the first step towards World Peace, causing international discussion and debates. It is important to realize the League was the first action put in place to create compromise, so everything about this organization was new and unheard of. Some people took the League with acceptance and as motivation in order to end war, but others were afraid of the unknown and the fear caused them to reject the League of Nations. No less, the League is an incredible example of how one individual, Woodrow Wilson, can impact the community around him/her just by taking action. This WIKI page will take you on a journey back to the past and see how it has created the future we live today.

Background(Tori)

The League was created by the United States President during the World War 1, Woodrow Wilson. He believed that to prevent another war there had to be rules and a governing force. The rules for establishing World Peace, specifically the League of Nations, came from his 14 Points. They outlined details and important areas the world needs to consider if unity and compromise could become possible. The last fourteenth point formed the League," a general association of nations must be formed…for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike”( Feinberg 71). The world took the League as a complete surprise and formed different perspectives. People thought it could become reality and was a light to a better future, but others felt to isolated, separated, and the League could only be a dream.The Europeans decided to hold a conference to discuss the terms of agreement to Germany's surrender, and Woodrow Wilson declared it as an excellent opportunity to present more information about the League. This included the structure, rules, and important details concerning the League of Nations. Many countries tried to reject the formation of the organization as part of the Treaty of Versailles in fact one french premier at the conference stated, " God himself was content with 10 commandments and Wilson has modestly inflicted 14 on us"(Grolier Library 52). Many other leaders at the conference shared the same views and opinions. Sadly, the debate at conference continued at home and in Congress. Congress was full of isolationists, so the Senate was not in favor of the League. Eventually, Wilson compromised with Europeans and accepted the multiple punishments Germany would experience, so the Treaty of Versailles was included the League of Nations. However, America rejected the Treaty now that the League of Nations would be apart of it, which ended any type of power the League would have to enforce its' decisions. Some people said the rejection of the Treaty was caused by Wilson's stubbornness and not altering one small detail, which said America would provide military force. Wilson traveled the country trying to get the people involved, but his efforts became pointless when he became sick. It was up to the Europeans hands. The Europeans tried, but no power was evident. Countries neglected and ignored the League. The organization fell when World War 2 broke out in 1940. Compromise and unity disappeared, but fortunately the legacy of the League of Nations lives on in the United Nations. In fact, the United States became a leading country to create the United Nations.

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Fun Facts(Tori)

-The League of Nations was to be based in Geneva, Switzerland, because Switzerland remained neutral and did not fight in World War 1

-
Russia was also not allowed to join as in 1917, she had a communist government that generated fear in western Europe, and in 1918, the Russian royal family - the Romanovs - was murdered. Such a country could not be allowed to take its place in the League

-The League’s decision was that they should remain with Finland but that no weapons should ever be kept there. Both countries accepted the decision and it remains in force to this day.
1921. "League of Nations." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/leagu

Time Line(Tori)

1919-January 18: Peace Conference occurs in Versailles
April 29: The constitution of the League of Nations is accepted at the Parisienne peace conference.
June 28: Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles, and accepts full responsibility for the war. They must pay high reparations.
1920-November: The League of Nations holds its first meeting in Geneva. The United States does not become a member.
1921-August 24/25: The United States creates their own treaty with Germany and Austria, not having signed the Treaty of Versailles
1926-September: Germany enters the League of Nations.
1931-December 10: The League sends a commission to investigate the Japanesse and Chinese conflict.
1933-March 25: Japan leaves the League of Nation as a reaction on the Lytton-report.
October 14: Germany leaves the League
1934-September 18: The Soviet Union enters the League of Nations
1935-April 17:The League of Nations condemns the German violation of the Versailles treaty
October 11:The League of Nations condemns Italys aggression and imposes an embargo on weapons, credit and raw materials.
1937-December 11: Italy leaves the League
1939-September: World War 2 breaks out and the League of Nations fell.

"The World at War - Global Timeline 1918-48." The World at War. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013. <http://worldatwar.net/timeline/18-48.html>.

The Treaty of Versaillesexternal image scroll3.gif

Ryan
The treaty of Versailles was signed on June 25, 1919.
The treaty “officially ended military actions
against Germany in World War I,” which was a monumental step in ending fascism
(Gelfand 339).The Treaty of Versailles was a harsh treaty
implemented on the German people, after World War I, with many damages done to the people, government, and economy.

Connection to IB trait

Tori and Ryan
external image zyxqcbwszsw4mi5yyefb.png
The League of Nations connects to the IB trait of communicator because if Woodrow Wilson had not communicated his feelings of post war ideas in his famed fourteen points speech, then the League of Nations would never had existed, and international relationships after the war and Treaty of Versailles would never have changed. The idea of the League was to end conflict by increasing communication and compromise. The League would have discussions between countries before and harsh action was taken. Communication was the key concept and focus of the League of Nations. Normally, wars formed by lack of it ,and there was no way to realize what one may want without it. Even though the League of Nations fell, it was caused by stubbornness and ,of course, no communication. Even today, people realize the importance of the concept, so the United Nations was formed, to allow a place where the communication could occur.

Connection to Health and Social

Tori
The League of Nations applies to Health and Social Education. Health and Social Education is the affect society has on a individual's welfare and well-being. The League was designed to end conflict and consequences involving war. War is a cruel place where it can cause suffering, pain, torture, disease, and death. When the League was created, it was Wilson's intentions to end this type of conflict. If he was successful, an individual would never have to experience war or be put through trials and tribulations. The health of the world would be dramatically improved and people would successfully communicate. The League reached all over the world and would affect all. Consequently, the League of Nations was the first example of Health and Social Internationally.

Connection to world

Ryan
The League of Nations connects to the present day United Nations which does essentially the same function as texternal image unflag.gifhe old United Nations. The United Nations was drawn up to fix the old League of Nations which proved to be ineffective. The League of Nations was "the forerunner to the current United Nations"(Grant 41). Without having the weaker League of Nations, we would not have the powerful United Nations that fixes most of our international issues today. It is also like the Articles of Confederation to the U.S. Constitution. The Articles proved weak and ineffective, so the founding fathers created the Constitution, which still governs us today. When the League proved to weak to function at the outbreak of the second war, we created a stronger body which is still working today.




Want Some More Information?

Tori
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wNKJh2KnokE

*fun video

http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/woodrow-wilsons-fourteen-points.html

*explains more details about the 14 Points....for dummies;)

http://history.state.gov/milestones/1914-1920/League

*good trusted site on the League of Nations


Bibliography

Tori and Ryan

Gelfand, Lawrence E. “Versailles, Treaty of” World Book Encyclopedia. 2000 ed. Print.

Grant, Reg. Armistice 1918. New York: Raintree Steck-Vaughn Publishers 2001. Print.

1921. "League of Nations." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/leagueofnations.htm>.

"Office of the Historian - Milestones - 1914-1920 - The League of Nations."Office of the Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013. <http://history.state.gov/milestones/1914-1920/League>.

"The League of Nations - YouTube."YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wNKJh2KnokE>.

"The World at War - Global Timeline 1918-48." The World at War. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013. <http://worldatwar.net/timeline/18-48.html>.
Wiegand, Steve. "Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points" - For Dummies ." How-To Help and Videos - For Dummies . N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013. <http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/woodrow-wilsons-fourteen-points.html>.